Malcolm X was a leader in the Black Power Movement and became a major influence for the creators of the Black Panther Party. He believed black people should demand their rights instead of waiting for them to be given to them. His “by any means necessary” approach makes him one of the most influential, divisive leaders in the movement.
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. advocated non-violent protest in the fight for equal rights. He used methods based on those Mahatma Gandhi used in India to protest British colonial rule. Over 200,000 people gathered to hear King’s “I Have A Dream Speech” given in Washington, D.C. in 1963.
Stokely Carmichael was an activist in the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) who is credited with popularizing the term “Black Power.” He used the term in a speech he gave in 1966 at UC Berkeley. Click to read the full speech.